According to the introduction of the relevant department head of CHINA RAILWAY, CHINA RAILWAY Express trains are trains of international railway through traffic of containers operated based on the fixed train numbers, lines, schedules and whole-course operation duration and to and from China and Europe and other countries along “the Belt and Road”. CHINA RAILWAY has given full play to the advantages of the Eurasian continental railway network, improved the service quality and operation quality of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains constantly, realized the rapid increase of the quantity of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains operated and promoted the opening of China to the outside world and economic and trade exchanges of various countries along “the Belt and Road” strongly with careful implementation of deployment requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council for the construction of “The Belt and Road” and adherence to the concept of "common business and construction and sharing" in recent years. CHINA RAILWAY Express trains have become symbolic achievements of the construction of “the Belt and Road” currently, which are called as "steel camels" along “the Belt and Road”.
Ten major achievements have been made since the operation of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains:
The quantity of trains operated increased rapidly. Since the launch of the service in 2011, CHINA RAILWAY Express trains have developed rapidly and their scale has shown an exponential growth. 17, 42, 80, 308, 815 and 1702 trains were operated respectively from 2011 to 2016. CHINA RAILWAY Express trains showed an exponential growth in 2017. 3673 trains were operated in the whole year with a year-on-year growth of 116%, which exceeded the sum of quantities of trains operated from 2011 to 2016. The momentum of rapid growth is maintained in 2018. 2490 trains operated in the first half year in total with a year-on-year growth of 69%. Loaded return travel has been realized preliminarily. The proportion of returned trains has increased steadily with a year-on-year growth of 123% in 2017, accounting for 53% of China-Europe trips and a year-on-year growth of 100% in the first half year of 2018, accounting for 69% of China-Europe trips. Local governments have attached great importance and began operating CHINA RAILWAY Express trains. The cumulative quantity of trains operated in major cities is given below: 1976 in Chengdu, 1936 in Chongqing, 1283 in Zhengzhou, 972 in Wuhan, 414 in Suzhou and 350 in Yiwu.
The categories of goods are increasingly rich. In terms of the organization of China-Europe trips, categories of goods transported by CHINA RAILWAY Express trains have expanded from single IT products to clothes, shoes and hats, automobiles and automobile accessories, grain food, grape wine, coffee bean, timber, furniture, chemicals, petty commodities and mechanical equipment. In terms of the organization of return trips, there are fixed returned goods mainly involving automobile accessories, mechanical equipment, daily necessities, food and timber. The operation of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains has not only promoted the economic and trade exchanges between China and the Europe strongly, but also enriched the consumption of people in various countries along the line greatly.
The international railway cooperation mechanism was established successfully. CHINA RAILWAY advocated and promoted the signing of the Agreement on Deepening Cooperation in CHINA RAILWAY Express trains by railway departments of seven countries in April 2017, which was included in the list of achievements of the First “the Belt and Road” International Cooperation Summit Forum. In October 2017, the first meeting of the joint working group of CHINA RAILWAY Express train transportation was held successfully in Zhengzhou and important achievements were made, indicating the official establishment of the international railway cooperation mechanism led by Chinese railway and providing strong mechanism guarantee for the sustained and steady development of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains. Transportation organization and marketing panel and information collaboration panel under the joint working group are carrying out the work orderly under the leadership of CHINA RAILWAY.
The domestic enterprise cooperation platform was established successfully. The Transportation Coordinating Committee of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains was launched jointly by seven major train platform companies under advocation and coordination in May 2017, providing a cooperation platform for participants of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains to communicate, build a consensus, integrate in depth and discuss the development together. The second plenary session of Transportation Coordinating Committee of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains was held in Chongqing in December 2017, in which important consensuses were reached in terms of the opening of new transportation routes, the integrative transportation in broad-gauge sections, the improvement of overseas container return place, the establishment of refrigerated container sharing mechanism, the promotion of comprehensive insurance on the train and the enhancement of returned supplies organization in 2018.
The transportation guarantee system framework has been steadily established. In terms of transport capacity guarantee, the operation diagram was adjusted based on domestic shipping demand and a pattern of 65 domestic CHINA RAILWAY Express train lines exiting via western, central and eastern channels uniformly and connecting to overseas railways smoothly have been developed. In terms of operation scope, domestic and overseas platforms were organized and coordinated to expand the coverage area of trains constantly, thus realizing the operation of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains from 48 domestic cities and their arrival at 14 countries and 42 cities in Europe gradually. In terms of operation time, the operation time of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains in Chinese sections has been reduced by approximately 24h and the minimum operation time in broad-gauge sections was shortened to 135h through the optimization of domestic transportation organization and the enhancement of overseas coordination.
The whole-course logistics service system was preliminarily established. CHINA RAILWAY has instructed China Railway Container Transport Co. Ltd. (CRCTC) to establish uniform documentation center and customer service center of CHINA RAILWAY Express train and develop a train operation information exchange mechanism with railways along the line, report the train operation information to customers twice a day and provide 7x24 hours customer consultation and services of uniform preparation of international through rail waybill, customs clearance and transfer at ports on behalf of others, container leasing, goods location tracking, SMS push, preliminary review of documents and emergency disposal; and organized CRCTC to set up 55 railway container return places overseas and provide services of container return and use for customers; established Kazakhstan Subsidiary and expanded the business capacity of its overseas entities.
The customs clearance convenience was improved greatly. CHINA RAILWAY has signed a memorandum of cooperation respectively with the General Administration of Customs, P. R. China and the former General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.C. (the current State Administration for Market Regulation), thus promoting their cooperation and information exchange; coordinated with the National Office of Port Administration in including 24 railway stations of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains that have been operated or will be operated in the list of port development in the “13th Five-year Plan” of National Port Development (2016-2020); coordinated with the former General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.C. in the construction of national designated ports for special categories based on freight yards of trains. Designated ports for finished automobiles such as Manzhouli, Alashankou, Khorgos and Zhengzhou, designated ports for cereals such as Erenhot, Manzhouli and Alashankou and those for imported meat such as Chongqing and Chengdu have been finished.
cancelled restrictions on parcel post transportation in regulations on international through railway transport by cooperating with relevant national departments and international organizations. Regular international parcel post transportation between China and Germany has been realized by CHINA RAILWAY Express trains (Chongqing - Duisburg). CHINA RAILWAY has tried out electronic container seal locks with tracking and automatic broken lock alarm functions on CHINA RAILWAY Express trains, thus implementing remote monitoring and whole-course container tracking and providing users with real-time information on goods location. China Railway Captive Insurance Co., Ltd. was organized to carry out the whole-course insurance business of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains.
The brand effect has been expanded constantly. The Brand Building Scheme for CHINA RAILWAY Express trains and the Construction and Development Planning of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains (2016-2020) prepared under the leadership of CHINA RAILWAY were officially released by the national leading group office for promoting the construction of “the Belt and Road” in May and October, 2016. The brand logo of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains was designed and officially used on June 8, 2016. Meanwhile, ceremonies for the first departure of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains of the uniform brand from eight domestic cities - Chongqing, Chengdu, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Suzhou, Dongguan and Yiwu and their first arrival at the Europe were organized. General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the ceremony for the first arrival of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains of the uniform brand at Europe (in Poland) in Warsaw, Poland in person on June 20, 2016, symbolizing the entry of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains into a new development stage. 5800 special containers for CHINA RAILWAY Express trains have been purchased and applied with uniform logos and shown a good market reaction. 45 categories of brand logos for CHINA RAILWAY Express trains were applied for registration in China and 10 relevant categories were applied for registration in 7 countries such as Germany and Poland. Their registration has been completed now.
The operation safety has been guaranteed. CHINA RAILWAY has made institutional arrangements for the full safety management of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains, determined specific measures in 15 aspects such as safety management responsibilities, the control of carriage source, the improvement of facilities and equipment and the establishment of the domestic and overseas safety risk prevention and control mechanism, made overall plans for the utilization of domestic and overseas existing and new resources along and outside the line, controlled each safety link of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains practically and guaranteed the safe and steady operation of CHINA RAILWAY Express trains.