In order to protect Chongqing and to connect with Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, National Government mobilized 200 thousand people for the construction of Liuzhou-Guiyang railway in 1940. The Liuzhou-Jinchengjiang section started operation one year later, but it wasn’t until 1944 that the remaining sections were completed and put into operation, due to difficulties in construction.
Japan started the Yu-xiang-gui Campaign in an attempt to get through the Southeast Asia channel in 1944. Consequently, the newly-built Liuzhou-Guiyang railway which was the first standard gauge railway in the Southwest became their tool. The National Government was ready to withdraw to rear area before the July 7 Incident. The plan then was to build Hunan-Guizhou railway which started from Zhuzhou, Hunan Province and entered Sichuan Province via Loudi and Huaihua. However, the plan was temporarily changed since the war spread too fast. After dismantling the 175-kilometer railway which had already been built and transporting the building materials to Liuzhou, the Liuzhou-Guiyang railway began its construction.
On completion of the Liuzhou-Guiyang Railway，some steel rails left still had other usage. To meet the needs of national construction, they were removed for the building of Liuzhou-Nanning section on Hunan-Guangxi Railway in 1950. Since then, Liuzhou became the first railway hub of Southwest China.